A Tibetan Chinese style thangka depicting Losang Palden Gyaltsen Maximize

A Tibetan Chinese style thangka depicting Losang Palden Gyaltsen

Wool, silk and gilted metal threads
China
18th century
Qing
Dimensions : 132 x 69cm
French private Collection

The thangka, bordered with red and yellow silk bands, depicts four main characters surrounded by attendants and Buddhist deities. On the upper part, there are two Buddhist divinities, Ushnishavijaya and a wrathful expression of Manjusri, Vajrabhairava. On the left upper part, a character is seated on a lotus base with a dragon at his feet, dressed and adorned like a bodhisattva, an inscription on the thangka identified him as the bodhisattva Ratnamati. On the right side, a character is seated on a throne and dressed like a Tibetan king with brocade robe, felt boots, tiara and turban. He is identified as Mutri Tsenpo, second of the heavenly king. Another unidentified character is depicted with a moustache and bushy earbrows, wearing a pandit hat and seated under a hut with an alms bowl. The central character of the composition is a monk from the Gelugpa sect. He is seated on a throne, wearing a somptuous monk robe and the characteristic yellow hat of the Gelugpa. He is identiied as Losang Palden Gyaltsen, 7th incarnation of the Tatsak Jedrung (the lineage of the ruler of the Kundeling monastery). Losang Palden Gyaltsen, who lives between 1708-1758, is a very important person in the Gelugpa tradition. During the first part of his life, he lived between central Tibet and western Tibet. Then, the emperor Qianlong ask him to come to Beijing and he became the abbot of the Yonghegong temple. The back of the thangka bears a long handwritted inscription in a stupa, a seal and hand's mark. These are consecration formulas and a dedication text to Losang Palden Gyaltsen. This thangka is part of a set of thangka depicting the different incarnations of the Tatsak Jedrung. The thangka has been certaintly commisionned by the successor of Losang Palden Gyaltsen